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Tuesday, October 5, 2010

GBV Peace and Conflict Resolution Survey Consultancy Opportunity

Terms of Reference

Consultant wanted: Consultancy for Knowledge Attitudes and Practices (KAPs) survey on GBV and Peace and Conflict Resolution in Kakuma refugee camp

Consultancy duration: 8 weeks

FilmAid International:

Since 1999, FilmAid has used the unique power of film to reach large numbers of people with critical information in a compelling visual format, overcoming language and literacy barriers. FilmAid uses films that are both educational and entertaining to draw audiences’ attention to subjects of vital concern to their health and well-being.

From the outset, the protection of women and girls has been a priority for FilmAid. Through our extensive work on the ground, FilmAid has developed a participatory methodology that engages people of concern on issues concerning women’s and girls’ protection with great success, leading to proven changes in attitudes and behaviors.

Working with other relief agencies and community leaders, FilmAid identifies emerging critical issues and develops appropriate film messages to help educate and inform. People of concern participate actively in the creation of these films, and the resulting pieces are widely distributed and screened throughout beneficiary communities through daytime screenings, video workshops and evening screenings In this way, FilmAid is able to respond to an immediate, unmet need for locally relevant messaging. Through real collaboration, FilmAid’s community-based films support the work of other aid agencies and effectively address the issues and concerns of beneficiary communities.

Problem Description

While forcibly displaced men and boys also face protection problems, women and girls are particularly exposed to serious protection problems related to their gender, their cultural and socio-economic position, and their legal status, which means that they may be less likely than men and boys to be able to exercise their rights. Displacement that normally strips individuals of their livelihoods, companionship and even dignity has led many, especially men and boys to live in frustration and anger which they in turn vent on women and girls by violating their fundamental rights.

Cases of Sexual and Gender Based Violence are usually rampant in refugee camps. This is also worsened by the fact that social norms and values are eroded or in some cases non-existent in these camps where everyone is basically trying to survive in very harsh environments and conditions. In such cases, the very people who are supposed to be the guardians of women and girls turn out to be perpetrators of violence. Every year, many cases of SGBV are reported in the Kakuma refugee camp despite coordinated efforts by humanitarian organizations mitigate the impact of SGBV.

Various forms of SGBV including wife beating, psychological violence, forced/early marriages, rapes and defilements are reported to be on the increase. From January to August this year, a total of 293 SGBV cases have been reported compared to 303 cases reported from January to November 2009, an indicator that the cases reported by end year will be higher than those reported last year.

Wife beating cases so far constitute 15%, psychological violence against adults 39%, forced marriage 3 %, defilement 6% while forced separation stands at 5% of the SGBV cases were reported. Many of the SGBV cases have been reported mainly from the Somali and Sudanese communities. This is mainly attributed to the cultural practices of these communities. With the increase in population of Somalis who were relocated to Kakuma from the Dadaab refugee camps, these cases are bound to increase. The Somali population is now the highest in the Kakuma refugee camp.

Overall, 676 cases of conflicts and human rights abuses were reported from all the communities in the camp in the course of the year, as compared to 405 cases received in 2008, representing a 40 % increase in the number of human rights abuse cases reported. The increase may be attributed to the increase in population in the camp especially due to the Somalis relocated from Dadaab.

Out of these cases, 32 percent were from the Somali community and 68 percent were from other nationalities. The nature of the cases varied from insecurity, assaults, shelter & land disputes, harassment, forced marriages, fights, child abduction, and domestic violence.

Despite the concerted efforts by UNHCR, LWF, The Kenya Government and other organizations working together to set up structures to handle these disputes and offer trainings there is still a lot of work needed to be done to sensitize the community and address SGBV and peace building & conflict resolution issues in the camp. A mass information strategy needs to be effected with urgency.

As part of its response to protection needs of the refugees, FilmAid seeks to develop a video based project addressing issues of GBV and Peace & Conflict Resolution in the refugee camps, whose main objective will be to reduce the risk of GBV and improve quality of response. As such, FilmAid seeks the services of a consultant to undertake a KAP survey related to this and related topics.

Terms of Reference

a) Purpose and Objectives

The overall objective is to conduct a baseline survey in the Dadaab refugee camps to document the knowledge, attitudes and practices around GBV and GBV related issues, and Peace and Conflict Resolution issues and make recommendations on the best strategies to implementing the project.

b) The main tasks of the baseline survey is to:

* Review the project proposal submitted to donors (BPRM)
* Review various partner reports and assessments in Kakuma and Dadaab refugee camps with emphasis on GBV, Peace and Conflict Resolution and other crosscutting issues covered in the reports
* Undertake a beneficiary assessment to document knowledge, attitude and practice around GBV and GBV related issues and Peace and Conflict Resolution
* Document findings of the survey with a focus on knowledge, attitudes and practices
* Make recommendations on the best strategies to implementing the project
* Hold a feedback session with FilmAid to share survey results
* Based on the terms of reference for the consultancy, the specific objectives for the consultancy are as follows:

c) Specific Objectives

* To review the existing documents (project design, partner reports and Government reports)
* To develop and improve on the tools for collection of data on the knowledge, attitude and practices of the study population on GBVand GBV related issues, and Peace and Conflict Resolution issues
* To assess and document the beneficiaries knowledge, attitude and practice on GBV and GBV related issues and Peace and Conflict Resolution
* To make recommendations to the project management on the best strategies to implementing the project

d) Expected outputs

* Baseline survey report documenting Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices around GBV and peace & conflict resolution related issues, a section of which to focus on the traditional justice and dispute resolution mechanism known as the bench courts.
* Recommendations on key areas of focus the project should address.
* Transcripts of Focus Group Discussions conducted, either as a separate document or as part of survey report annexe

Methodology of achieving the results:

A participatory approach with broad consultation should be adopted to achieve the objectives of this assignment. Included in the methodology should be the review of documents related to this assignment and work that has been completed.

Key informant interviews and consultations with key stakeholders in the related sectors in FilmAid areas of operation especially Kakuma refugee camps. Consultant will be expected to travel to Kakuma refugee camps to make proper assessment of the situation on the ground.

Please email applications with only

* A cover letter
* A technical proposal indicating timeframe and costs for undertaking this
* CV
* 3 references

by 19th October 2010 to:

Applications to be submitted through email only

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